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Encircle the most appropriate answer from the following options

1.         How many forms of organisms inhabit the earth?

(a) 10 million 

(b) 15 million

(c) 20 million  

(d) 25 million

2.         The plants present in a particular region:

(a) Flora         

(b) Fauna

(c) Species     

(d) Population

3.         The animals present in a particular region:

(a) Flora         

(b) Fauna

(c) Species     

(d) Both a and b

4.         Biodiversity discover on earth today is the result of how many years of evolution?

(a) 3 billion

(b) 4 billion

(c) 5 billion      

(d) 6 billion

5.         The department of Biology which deals with class and traces the evolutionary history of organisms:

(a) Taxonomy

(b) Systematics

(c) Histology   

(d) Entomology

6.         Which of the following is the highest taxon of classification?

(a) Species     

(b) Genus

(c) Order       

(d) Family       

7.         A class is a group of related:

(a) Phylum     

(b) Order

(c) Family       

(d) Genus

8.         A related group of genera comprises:

(a) Phylum     

(b) Class

(c) Family      

(d) Order

9.         A genus is a group of related:

(a) Class         

(b) Family

(c) Order        

(d) Species

10.       A family is a group of related:

(a) Genera

(b) Orders

(c) Species     

(d) Classes

11.       A group of related species is:

(a) Kingdom   

(b) Phylum

(c) Genus      

(d) Order

12.       The order of pea plant:

(a) Pisum       

(b) Fabales

(c) Magnoliophyta      

(d) Fabaceae

13.       The family of human being:

(a) Chordata   

(b) Mammalia

(c) Primates   

(d) Hominidae

14.       The order of human according to classification is:    

(a) Mammalia

(b) Primates

(c) Hominidae

(d) Pisum

15.       The basic unit of classification:

(a) Order        

(b) Family

(c) Genus       

(d) Species

16.       Who introduced the system of classification of organisms for the first time?

(a) Ernst Hackel         

(b) Aristotle

(c) Carolus Linnaeus  

(d) Robert Whittaker

17.       The smallest taxon of taxonomy is:

(a) Family       

(b) Order

(c) Species    

(d) Kingdom

18.       The cross among a male donkey and a female horse produces:

(a) Mule         

(b) Pony

(c) Liger          

(d) Tiger

19.       The animal unable to reproduce is:

(a) Monkey    

(b) Mule

(c) Horse        

(d) Donkey

20.       Divided plants into fifteen groups and called them “genera”:

(a) John Ray  

(b) Tournefort

(c) Carolus Linnaeus  

(d) Andrea Caesalpino

21.       Who introduced the taxon of “order”?

(a) Tournefort 

(b) Carolus Linnaeus

(c) Augustus Rivinus          

(d) Aristotle

22.       Carolus linnaeus divided nature into    Kingdom?      

(a) Three       

(b) Four

(c) Five           

(d) Six

23.       In which year three kingdom classification system was proposed?

(a) 1860          

(b) 1862

(c) 1864          

(d) 1866

24.       Who proposed three kingdom classification system?           

(a) E-Chatton 

(b) Robert Whittaker

(c) Ernst Hackel       

(d) Margulis

25.       Bacteria are assigned to the kingdom:          

(a) Fungi         

(b) Monera

(c) Protista     

(d) Porifera

26.       Which of the following groups consists of organisms all of that are prokaryotes?

(a) Plants        

(b) Bacteria

(c) Protists      

(d) Animals

27.       In which year five kingdom classification system was proposed?

(a) 1965          

(b) 1966

(c) 1967          

(d) 1968

28.       Who proposed the five kingdom classification system?       

(a) E-Chatton 

(b) Robert Whittaker

(c) Ernst Hackel         

(d) Margulis

29.       Five-kingdom classification system of whittaker was modified by:

(a) Margulis    

(b) Schwartz

(c) E-chatton  

(d) Both a and b

30.       Which organism is included in kingdom monera?

(a) Cyanobacteria    

(b) Algae

(c) Fungi         

(d) Virus

31.       According to Biologists,  the ancestors of protists are:

(a) Plantae     

(b) Fungi

(c) Animalia    

(d) All of these

32.       Kingdom Protista includes:    

(a) Eukaryotic unicellular       

(b) Simple multicellular

(c) Eukaryotic multicellular    

(d) Both a and b

33.       Nuclear envelope is absent in:

(a) Monera    

(b) Protista

(c) Fungi         

(d) Plantae

34.       Viruses belong to kingdom:   

(a) Monera     

(b) Protista

(c) Fungi         

(d) None of these

35.       Which organisms are composed of only proteins?

(a) Prions      

(b) Viroids

(c) Fungi         

(d) Algae

36.       Which of these is acellular particle?

(a) Human      

(b) Bacteria

(c) Fungi         

(d) Virus

37.       The organisms which are composed of circular RNA only?

(a) Prions       

(b) Viroids

(c) Fungi         

(d) Algae

38.       The cell wall of fungi is made up of among the following :

(a) Chitin       

(b) Cellulose

(c) Peptidoglycan       

(d) Lignin

39.       Common example of kingdom fungi is:        

(a) Mushroom           

(b) Fern

(c) Algae        

(d) Mosses

40.       Who was  firstly introduce and adopted the system of binomial nomenclature?

(a) E-chatton  

(b) Robert Whittaker

(c) Carolus linnaeus

(d) Margulis

41.       Bauhinia variegata is an ornamental tree discovered in:       

(a) North Asia 

(b) South Asia

(c) Southeast Asia   

(d) All of these

42.       Scientific name of onion:       

(a) Allium cepa

(b) Asterias rubens

(c) Corvus splendens

(d) Homo sapiens

43.       Scientific name of house crow:

(a) Allium cepa

(b) Asterias rubens

(c) Corvus splendens

(d) Homo sapiens

44.       Scientific name of star fish:

(a) Allium cepa           

(b) Asterias rubens

(c) Corvus splendens 

(d) Homo sapiens

45.       What was the populace of earth 10,000 years ago? 

(a) 2 million    

(b) 3 million

(c) 4 million    

(d) 5 million

46.       How many humans are added in human population each day?

(a) 240,000     

(b) 250,000

(c) 260,000     

(d) 270,000

47.       No of human beings increasing in the world population after every minute is:

(a) 180

(b) 290

(c) 280

(d) 490

48.       A species that no longer lives in an ecosystem is known as :           

(a) Endangered species         

(b) Global ecosystem

(c) Extinct species   

(d) Population

49.       The greatest cause of species extinction is:  

(a) Hunting

(b) Species introduction

(c) Habitat destruction

(d) None of these

50.       The greatest threat to biodiversity on earth today:

(a) Species introduction         

(b) Pollution

(c) Habitat Loss        

(d) Hunting

51.       Which organization prepared the first national Red List of Pakistan?

(a) WWF-P     

(b) IUCN

(c) NACP       

(d) HJP

52.       Pakistan signed UN Convention on Combating Desertification in:

(a) 1995          

(b) 1996

(c) 1997          

(d) 1998

53.       When did the Himalayan Jungle Project started?     

(a) 1990          

(b) 1991

(c) 1992          

(d) 1993

54.       How many birds are killed in Chitral during migration?

(a) 100,000     

(b) 200,000

(c) 300,000     

(d) 400,000

55.       How many animals of Indus Dolphin are left today in the Indus river?

(a) 300

(b) 400

(c) 500

(d) 600

56.       Houbara bustard flies to Pakistan in: 

(a) Summer   

(b) Spring

(c) Autumn     

(d) Winter

57.       The National animal of Pakistan:

(a) Markhor   

(b) Snow leopard

(c) Tiger         

(d) Brown bear

58.       The National bird of Pakistan:

(a) Markhor    

(b) Pigeon

(c) Chakor partridge

(d) Brown bear