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Encircle the most appropriate answer from the following options

1.         The outermost layer of the root:

(a) Endodermis          

(b) Cortex

(c) Pericycle  

(d) Epidermis

2.         Roughly how much of water that enters a plant is lost via transpiration?

(a) 50%

(b) 70%

(c) 80%

(d) 90%

3.         Transpiration from plant surface takes place through:          

(a) Cuticle      

(b) Stomata

(c) Lenticels   

(d) All of these

4.         The roots and root hairs absorb water from soil by:  

(a) Osmosis   

(b) Diffusion

(c) Phloem     

(d) Filtration

5.         The rate of transpiration doubles with every rise of temperature.

(a) 10°C         

(b) 20°C

(c) 30°C

(d) 40°C

6.         The temperature range at which transpiration stops:            

(a)  40°C-45°C           

(b) 10°C-20°C

(c) 20°C-40°C

(d) 20°C-45°C

7.         Transpiration rate depends upon:

(a) Leaf surface area 

(b) Water content

(c) Temperature         

(d) All of these

8.         In humid, air the rate of transpiration is:        

(a) High          

(b) Low

(c) Normal      

(d) None of these

9.         In most plants, food is transported in the form of:     

(a) Glucose    

(b) Sucrose

(c) Lactose     

(d) Maltose

10.       Which part of plant is responsible for transporting food?       (FSD 2014)

(a) Xylem       

(b) Phloem

(c) Root          

(d) Leaf

11.       According to the pressure-flow mechanism, the actual force behind the movement of food in phloem:           

(a) Drop in the pressure at the sink end. (b) Rise in the pressure at the sink end.

(c) Drop in the pressure at the source end.

(d) Rise in the pressure at the source end.


12.       The average volume of blood in adult human’s body is:

(a) 5 litres      

(b) 7 litres

(c) 8 litres       

(d) 10 litres

13.       Percentage of plasma in blood

(a) 35%          

(b) 45%

(c) 55%          

(d) 65%

14. Percentage of cells or cell like bodies in blood:

(a) 35%

(b) 45%

(c) 55%

(d) 65%

15.       Percentage of water in plasma:

(a) 60-62%     

(b) 70-72%

(c) 80-82%     

(d) 90-92%

16.       Blood clotting protein:

(a) Fibrinogen           

(b) Pepsin

(c) Pepsinogen           

(d) Albumin

17.       When fibrinogen makes blood clot it separates from blood  then what will  remainder called:        

(a) Lymph      

(b) Plasma

(c) Serum      

(d) Pus

18.       The normal PH of Human blood is:

(a) 7.2

(b) 7.3

(c) 7.4

(d) 7.5\

19.       Average Number of red blood cells in a cubic millimeter of blood:

(a) 4.5

(b) 5

(c) 5.5 

(d) All of these

20.       In the embryonic and faetal life, red blood cells are formed in:        

(a) Liver          

(b) Spleen

(c) Bone marrow        

(d) Both (a) and (b)

21.       Average life span of erythrocytes:

(a) 100 days   

(b) 110 days

(c) 120 days   

(d) 130 days

22.       Which cell play role in body’s defence?        

(a) Erythrocytes         

(b) Thrombocytes

(c) Basophils  

(d) Leukocytes

23.       The average number of leukocytes in one cubic millimeter of blood:

(a) 3000 to 40000       

(b) 5000 to 6000

(c) 7000 to 8000        

(d) 9000 to 10000

24.       The blood cells which do not contain pigments and are colourless:

(a) Red Blood cells

(b) White Blood Cells

(c) Platelets    

(d) All of these

25.       Which one is an agranulocyte?

(a) Monocyte

(b) Basophil

(c) Neutrophil 

(d) Eosinophil

26.       Which of the following prevents blood clotting?

(a) Neutrophils

(b) Eosinophils

(c) Monocytes

(d) Basophils

27.       The blood cells which help in blood clotting:  

(a) Red blood cells     

(b) White blood cells

(c) Platelets   

(d) B and T lymphocytes

28.       Number of thrombocytes (Platelets) in one cubic millimeter of blood is:

(a) 150,000     

(b) 250,000

(c) 350,000     

(d) 450,000

29.       Average life span of platelets:

(a) 4 to 5 days

(b) 5 to 6 days

(c) 6 to 7 days

(d) 7 to 8 days

30.       Which blood cells are the most numerous in healthy human blood?

(a) Red Blood cells  

(b) White Blood Cells

(c) Platelets    

(d) All of these

31.       Uncontrolled production of defective white blood cells:                    

(a) Thalassaemia       

(b) Leukaemia

(c) Anaemia   

(d) Both (a) & (b)

32.       Which of the following is a genetic problem due to mutations in the gene of haemoglobin?

(a) Thalassaemia

(b) Leukaemia

(c) Anaemia   

(d) Both (a) and (b)

33.       The world celebrates the International Thalassaemia Day on:

(a) 6th of May

(b) 7th of May

(c) 8th of May

(d) 9th of May

34.       Total number of blood group systems recognized by the International Society of Blood Transfusion:

(a) 25  

(b) 27

(c) 29

(d) 33

35.       A molecule that can stimulate an immune response:

(a) Antigen    

(b) Anti body

(c) haemoglobin         

(d) All of these

36.       ABO blood group system was discovered by:

(a) Thomas B. Cooley

(b) William Harvay

(c) Karl Landsteiner

(d) Ibn-e-Nafees

37.       Antigens are present on the surface of:

(a) Red Blood cells  

(b) White Blood Cells

(c) Platelets    

(d) All of these

38.       Which blood Group contains Antigen A?       

(a) A

(b) B

(c) AB

(d) O

39.       In persons with blood group O:

(a) Antibodies A&B are present

(b) Neither antigen A nor antigen B is present

(c) Only Antigen A is present

(d) Both (a) & (b)

40.       A person having blood group B can donate blood to:            

(a) O and A    

(b) O and AB

(c) B and AB 

(d) A and B

41.       A person with AB blood group can donated to:         

(a) A

(b) B

(c) AB

(d) O

42.       A person having blood group O can receive blood from:

(a) A

(b) B

(c) AB

(d) O

43.       Universal blood donors.         

(a) Blood Group A      

(b) Blood Group B

(c) Blood Group AB   

(d) Blood Group O

44.       Universal blood recipients:     

(a) Blood Group A      

(b) Blood Group B

(c) Blood Group AB

(d) Blood Group O

45.       Karl Landsteiner discovered the Rh-blood group system in:

(a) 1910          

(b) 1920

(c) 1930          

(d) 1940

46.       What is the actual universal donor blood group?                   

(a) O- Negative         

(b) O positive

(c) AB-positive           

(d) AB-Negative

47.       Which organ belongs to the circulatory system?      

(a) Eye           

(b) Kidney

(c) Heart        

(d) Stomach

48.       The largest and strongest chamber in heart is:

(a) Right atrium          

(b) Left atrium

(c) Left ventricle       

(d) Right ventricle

49.       The opening between right atrium and right ventricle is guarded by a valve known as :

(a) Bicuspid valve      

(b) Tricuspid valve

(c) Pulmonary semilunar valve         

(d) Aortic semilunar valve

50.       The type of valve present at the base of pulmonary trunk:

(a) Bicuspid valve      

(b) Tricuspid valve

(c) Pulmonary semilunar valve      

(d) Aortic semilunar valve

51.       The opening between left atrium and left ventricle is guarded by a valve called:

(a) Bicuspid valve    

(b) Tricuspid valve

(c) Pulmonary semilunar valve         

(d) Aortic semilunar valve

52.       The alternating contraction and relaxation of heart chambers:

(a) Systole      

(b) Diastole

(c) Cardiac cycle      

(d) Pulse rate

53.       Average human heart beat per minute:

(a) 60  

(b) 70

(c) 80  

(d) 90

54.       During atrial systole:                 

(a) Both atria contract         

(b) Both atria relax

(c) Both ventricles contract   

(d) Both ventricles relax

55.       In one heart beat, diastole remains about second:

(a) 0.4 

(b) 0.6

(c) 0.7 

(d) 0.8

56.       “Lubb-dub” could be heard with the help of:  

(a) Stethoscope        

(b) Telescope

(c) Microscope           

(d) Sound box

57.       In normal adults, the mass of heart is:           

(a) 50 – 150g  

(b) 150 – 250g

(c) 250 350g  

(d) 350 – 450g

58.       When does our heart takes rest?

(a) During sleep         

(b) During rest

(c) During working     

(d) Never

59.       The third part of blood circulatory system:    

(a) Heart         

(b) Blood

(c) Blood vessels     

(d) Capillaries

60.       The blood vessels that carry blood away from heart are called :

(a) Afteries    

(b) Veins

(c) Capillaries 

(d) All of these

61.       The tissue layer that is common in all types of blood vessels:

(a) Connective tissue

(b) Elastic tissue

(c) Endothelium       

(d) Smooth muscles

62.       In which of the following blood vessels, the blood pressure is low?

(a) Arteries     

(b) Capillaries

(c) Veins        

(d) All of these

63.       The blood pressure in arteries is:

(a) High         

(b) Medium

(c) Low           

(d) Very low

64.       Which of the following blood vessels have valves to prevent back flow of blood?

(a) Arteries     

(b) Capillaries

(c) Veins        

(d) All of these

65.       Through which blood vessels the materials are exchanged between the blood and the surrounding tissues?

(a) Arteries     

(b) veins

(c) Capillaries           

(d) All of these

66.       These are smallest blood vessels:

(a)        Arteries           

(b) Capillaries

(c) Veins         

(d) Lymph vessels

67.       Who discovered the pathway of blood circulation?

(a) Ibn-e-Nafees

(b) William Harvey

(c) Karl Landsteiner

(d) All of these

68.       William Harvey was born in:

(a) 1560AD    

(b) 1578AD

(c) 1590AD    

(d) 1592AD

69. William Harvey died in:

(a) 1647AD    

(b) 1653AD

(c) 1657AD    

(d) 1663AD

70.       The pumping action of heart was discovered by:

(a) Ibn-e-Nafees

(b) William Harvey

(c) Karl Landsteiner

(d) None of these

71.       As aorta passes down through thorax, it becomes:

(a) Aorta         

(b) Aortic arch

(c) Dorsal aorta        

(d) All of these

72.       Intercostal arteries supply blood to:

(a) Digestive tract      

(b) Kidneys

(c) Liver          

(d) Ribs

73.       Caeliac artery and superior mesenteric artery supply blood to:

(a) Digestive tract    

(b) Kidneys

(c) Liver          

(d) Ribs

74.       Hepatic artery supplies blood to:

(a) Digestive tract      

(b) Kidneys

(c) Liver         

(d) Ribs]

75.       Renal arteries supply blood to:

(a) Digestive tract      

(b) Kidneys

(c) Liver          

(d) Ribs

76.       Gonadal arteries supply blood to:

(a) Digestive tract

(b) Kidneys

(c) Liver          

(d) Gonad s

77.       Each external iliac becomes femoral artery in upper thigh and gives branches to:

(a) Thigh and Knee    

(b) Shank

(c) Ankle and foot      

(d) All of these

78.       Different veins from head, shoulders, and arms joined together and form:

(a) Inferior vena cava

(b) Superior vena cava

(c) Hepatic portal vein

(d) Femoral vein

79.       Right and left common iliac veins join to form:

(a) Inferior vena cava           

(b) Superior vena cava

(c) Hepatic portal vein

(d) Femoral vein

80.       All veins coming from stomach, spleen, Pancreas and Intestine drain into:

(a) Renal vein

(b) Hepatic vein

(c) Hepatic portal vein         

(d) Common iliac vein

81.       Atherosclerosis is commonly referred to as a:

(a) Widening of arteries         

(b) Narrowing of arteries

(c) Hardening of arteries        

(d) All of these

82.       If a thrombus dislodges and becomes free floating, it is called:

(a) Plaques     

(b) Stone

(c) Embolus  

(d) All of these

83.       Arteriosclerosis is a general term describing:

(a) Widening of arteries         

(b) Narrowing of arteries

(c) Hardening of arteries     

(d) All of these

84.       Heart attack may be caused by blood clot in:

(a) Heart Muscles      

(b) Heart Chambers

(c) Coronary arteries           

(d) Veins

85.       The most common symptom of myocardial infarction is:

(a) Pain in left arm     

(b) Pain in neck

(c) Pain in right arm   

(d) Severe Chest pain

86.       Angina pectoris means:         

(a) Chest Pain           

(b) Tissue death

(c) Heart Attack         

(d) Silent death

87.       World heart Day is held on:   

(a) 28th August          

(b) 28th September

(c) 28th October        

(d) 28th November